[24] His future wife, Jeanne Adèle "Janot" Levylier, chose to come to the camp voluntarily to live with him inside the camp, and they were married there. francia szocialista politikus, a Harmadik Köztársaság 82. és 84. miniszterelnöke, majd 1946-47-ben a Köztársaság ideiglenes kormányzatának elnöke. var f=new Date();document.write(f.getDate() + " de " + meses[f.getMonth()] + " de " + f.getFullYear());. [9] The new laws: The government legislated its promised reforms as rapidly as possible. The election of the left-wing government brought a wave of strikes, involving two million workers, and the seizure of many factories. Wages increased sharply; in two years the national average was up 48 percent. Therefore, in 1920, he worked to prevent a split between supporters and opponents of the Russian Revolution, but the radicals seceded, taking L'Humanité with them, and formed the SFIC. Político francés (París, 1872 - Jouy-en-Josas, 1950). The government cooperated with Britain and declared war on Germany when it invaded Poland in September 1939. Biografie Hij werd geboren in een Joodse middenstandsfamilie. Fue discípulo del líder socialista francés Jean Jaurès y, tras el asesinato de Jaurès en 1914, se convirtió en su sucesor. BLUM En juillet 1933, au Congrès du parti socialiste, Léon Blum développe une stratégie qui peut aujourd’hui surprendre. C'est Blum was imprisoned in Fort du Portalet in the Pyrenees.[23]. je bio francuski političar i trostruki predsjednik vlade. function citaurl() { var x = location.href; document.getElementById("urlcita").innerHTML = x;} [citation needed] Blum entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1890 and excelled there, but he dropped out after a year having found the school overly restrictive, entering instead the Faculty of Law. ", Jordan, Nicole. Léon Blum (Párizs, 1872. április 9. (October 2018)Click [show] for important translation instructions. Estudou dereito na Sorbona e graduouse en 1894. After the war, Léon Blum returned to politics, and was again briefly Prime Minister in the transitional postwar coalition government. For the first time, the cabinet included three women in minor roles, even though women were not able to vote.[6][7][8]. Once out of office in 1938, he denounced the appeasement of Germany. C'est la dernière, qui lui voua un amour dévoué depuis son adolescence, que met en lumière le film Je ne rêve As Prime Minister in a Popular Front government of the left 1936–37, he provided a series of major economic reforms. Legjelentősebb politikai döntései közé sorolható, hogy 1920-ban nem volt hajlandó csatlakozni a III. Son of a wealthy Alsatian merchant, Blum graduated with the highest honors in law at the Sorbonne. Martin Thomas, "French Economic Affairs and Rearmament: The First Crucial Months, June–September 1936". Biographie courte de Léon Blum - Léon Blum est un homme d'Etat français, devenu grande figure des courants socialistes réformistes après la disparition de Jean Jaurès en 1914. Barcelona (España). He was a student during the Dreyfus Affair, and this sparked his interest in politics. Millerand held the presidency in an acting capacity before being fully elected. Luchó en el interior del partido por mantener su línea política frente a los ataques de las alas derecha e izquierda; y, al mismo tiempo, colaboró en el Parlamento con los radicales, fortaleciendo la SFIO hasta convertirla en el núcleo de una amplia coalición de izquierdas, el Frente Popular. OCLC 265833., older scholarly biography Colton, Joel. ensured that there would be no retaliation against strikers. Il démissionne le 21 juin, sans même poser la question de confiance. As Socialist leader Blum became Prime Minister of France and the first socialist to hold that office, he formed a cabinet that included 20 Socialists, 13 Radicals and two Socialist Republicans. function citapers() { var x = document.getElementsByTagName("title"); document.getElementById("perscita").innerHTML = x[0].innerHTML;} The Senate voted in favour of these laws within a week. In the last weeks of the war the Nazi regime gave orders that he was to be executed[citation needed], but the local authorities decided not to obey them. For the first time, the Socialists won more seats than the Radicals; they formed an effective coalition. >Boulevard Voltaire Boulevard Voltaire is one of the main … Issu d'une famille juive d'Alsace, il naît à Paris le 9 avril 1872 et décède à Jouy-en-Josas le 30 mars 1950. [19] He was unable to establish a stable ministry; on 10 April 1938, his socialist government fell and he was removed from office. Procedía dunha familia xudía de clase media. Léon Daudet - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia. [16] Blum became the first socialist and the first Jew to serve as Prime Minister of France. Leon Blumwas a pupil at the Ecole Normale Superieure and then studied law at the Sorbonne. Se inició en la política debido al … Léon Daudet Last updated October 30, 2020. Jackson concludes that the French government "was virtually paralyzed by the menace of civil war at home, the German danger abroad, and the weakness of her own defenses. André Léon Blum (French: [ɑ̃ d ʁ e l e ɔ̃ b l u m]; 9 April 1872 – 30 March 1950) was a French socialist politician and three-time prime minister.. As a Jew, he was heavily influenced by the Dreyfus affair of the late 19th century. Blum was born in 1872 in Paris to a moderately prosperous, lower-middle class, assimilated Jewish family in the mercantile business. [11] The economic confusion hindered the rearmament effort, and the rapid growth of German armaments alarmed Blum. He was a disciple of French Socialist leader Jean Jaurès and after Jaurès' assassination in 1914, became his successor. [26] Trois Ministères se succèdent du 21 juin 1937 au 10 août 1938 : les deux premiers sont présidés par Camille Chautemps, le second par Léon Blum. La dernière, plus particulièrement, s'est distinguée par son courage. He was a disciple of French Socialist leader Jean Jaurès and after Jaurès' assassination in 1914, became his successor. Robert Blum (varios nombres) William Blum, historiador estadounidense especializado en política exterior. Posteriormente se dedicó a la abogacía labrándose reputación como crítico teatral y literario. His refusal to send arms to Spain strained his alliance with the Communists, who followed Soviet policy and demanded all-out support for the Spanish Republic. In 1919 he was chosen as chair of the party's executive committee, and was also elected to the National Assembly as a representative of Paris. In August 1914 Blum became assistant to the Socialist Minister of Public Works Marcel Sembat. Označoval se za marxistu, odmítal leninismus.. Biografie. Nació en París en el seno de una familia judía de clase media. "Léon Blum and Czechoslovakia, 1936–1938. [17], In its short life, the Popular Front government passed important legislation, including the 40-hour week, 12 paid annual holidays for the workers, collective bargaining on wage claims, and the full nationalisation of the armament and military aviation industries. He studied law and philosophy and published a volume of literary criticism In 1602. . André Léon Blum ( francés: [ ɑ̃ d ʁ e l e ɔ̃ b l u m ] ; 9 de abril de 1872 - 30 de marzo de 1950) fue un político socialista francés y tres veces primer ministro.. Como judío, estuvo fuertemente influenciado por el asunto Dreyfus de finales del siglo XIX. The same Parliament that had sponsored the Popular Front program since 1936 remained in power; it voted overwhelmingly to make Marshal Philippe Pétain a dictator and reverse all of the gains of the French Third Republic. Léon Blum (9. april 1872–30. Blum also attempted to pass legislation extending the rights of the Arab population of Algeria, but this was blocked by "colons", colonist representatives in the Chamber and Senate.[18]. Mäerz 1950 zu Jouy-en-Josas, war e franséische sozialistesche Politiker an der Zäit vun der 3. franséischer Republik.Vum 4. The British Expeditionary Force evacuated from Dunkirk, taking many French soldiers along. Il démissionne le 21 juin, sans même poser la question de confiance. Juni 1936 bis zum 21. Acting heads of state are denoted by an asterisk. Léon Blum, Edouard Daladier et le général Gamelin sont déportés en avion vers Weimar, le 31 mars 1943, pour être détenus au KL Buchenwald où ils sont installés dans un baraquement réservé et chauffé, à la périphérie du camp Cómo citar este artículo:Ruiza, M., Fernández, T. y Tamaro, E. (2004). Mi-juin 1940, Léon Blum, face à la débâcle, se replie sur Bordeaux, comme une bonne part de la classe politique française. His brother René, the founder of the Ballet de l'Opéra à Monte Carlo, was arrested in Paris in 1942. Descubre también todas las fotos y videos de Léon Blum. Édouard Daladier, né le 18 juin 1884 à Carpentras et mort le 10 octobre 1970 à Paris, est un homme d'État français, figure du Parti radical et de la IIIe République pendant l'entre-deux-guerres. Desde entonces perdió poder de decisión sobre su propio partido, aunque mantuvo hasta su muerte una gran autoridad moral sobre los socialistas franceses. Léon Blum, nado en París o 9 de abril de 1872 e finado en Jouy-en-Josas o 30 de marzo de 1950, foi un home político socialista francés. 1939 Accords de Munich : démembrement de la Tchécoslovaquie au Mise en perspective de l'actualité, grandes unes, faits divers, histoire de la presse écrite window.onload=function comocitar() {citapers();citaurl();} Léon André Blum (Pariz, 9. travnja 1872. Blum was briefly Prime Minister again in March and April 1938, long enough to ship heavy artillery and other much needed military equipment to the Spanish Republicans. "Léon Blum and the French Socialists as a government party. Finalmente, cayó del gobierno en 1937 por la oposición del Senado a la creación de un impuesto sobre el capital. Blum was among "The Vichy 80", a minority of parliamentarians that refused to grant full powers to Marshal Pétain. In 1933, he expelled Marcel Déat, Pierre Renaudel, and other neosocialists from the SFIO. Ey reisêcumhuriya dewleta Fransa kerda. ", Wall, Irwin M. "The Resignation of the First Popular Front Government of Leon Blum, June 1937. The Popular Front won a solid majority with 386 seats out of 608. Léon Blum reprend aussi ", Mitzman, Arthur. André Léon Blum (9. april 1872 i Paris – 30. marts 1950 (77 år) i Jouy-en-Josas) var Frankrigs premierminister i 1936-37, 1938 og 1946-47.. Blum dimitterede som 23-årig 1895 fra Paris' universitet som både cand.jur. Leon Blum: Humanist in Politics. The imposition of the 40-hour week proved highly inefficient, as industry had a difficult time adjusting to it. The Spanish Civil War broke out in July 1936 and deeply divided France. At the age of 22, he was recognized as a poet and writer. ", Colton, Joel. The strikes were spontaneous and unorganised, but nevertheless the business community panicked and met secretly with Blum, who negotiated a series of reforms, and then gave labour unions the credit for the Matignon Accords. Contactez l'Institut français, ou l'Alliance française de votre ville. La population active comprend 8 millions de paysans, 6,5 millions ouvriers et 3,5 millions d'employés. Manuel Blum, teórico informático venezolano. [10], Blum persuaded the workers to accept pay raises and go back to work. Blum, pueblo del condado de Hill, Texas, Estados Unidos. He wrote also as … Un intellectuel brillant, Léon Blum (35 ans), publie en 1907 Du mariage. "[20][21] There is general agreement that at first it created enormous excitement and expectation on the left, but in the end it failed to live up to its promise. Léon Blum. Estudió derecho en la Sorbona y se graduó en 1894.… Many historians judge the Popular Front a failure in terms of economics, foreign policy, and long-term stability. Léon Blum Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline SORTIE CINÉ – On connaît la vie politique de Léon Blum (1872-1950), on est moins au courant de sa vie privée et de ses trois épouses.C’est la dernière, qui lui voua un amour dévoué depuis son adolescence, que met en lumière le film Je ne rêve que de vous, du réalisateur Laurent Heynemann, qui sort ce mercredi 15 janvier. In April 1943, the occupying Government had Blum imprisoned in Buchenwald. Léon Blum, yew siyasetkaro Fransızo. A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume Two: 1933–1951 by Martin Gilbert, French Section of the Workers' International, Learn how and when to remove this template message, evacuated from Dunkirk, taking many French soldiers along, The Times | UK News, World News and Opinion, Fort du Portalet Office de tourisme Vallée d'Aspe (www.tourisme-aspe.com), President of the Provisional Government of France, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Léon_Blum&oldid=990701074, French Section of the Workers' International politicians, Members of the 12th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 13th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 14th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 15th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 16th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the Executive of the Labour and Socialist International, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles needing additional references from September 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2011, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, legislated the mandating of 12 days of paid, legislated a 40-hour working week (outside of overtime), raised wages (15% for the lowest-paid workers, and 7% for the relatively well-paid), stipulated that employers would recognise. Blum also served as an ambassador on a government loan mission to the United States, and as head of the French mission to UNESCO. Député de Vaucluse, il est de nombreuses fois ministre, dont ministre de la … (9 de abril de 1872 30 de marzo de 1950) fue un político francés socialista que llegó a desempeñar el papel de Primer Ministro. En 1952, la population française compte 42 400 000 habitants dont 20 400 000 d'hommes et 22 millions de femmes. André Léon Blum (French: [ɑ̃dʁe leɔ̃ blum];[1] 9 April 1872 – 30 March 1950) was a French socialist politician and three-time Prime Minister. En 1938 volvió al poder; esta vez su política exterior se caracterizó por una mayor firmeza frente al fascismo, al intentar -aunque sin éxito- que las potencias occidentales pusieran freno al expansionismo de la Alemania de Hitler. in, Halperin, S. William. Blum led the SFIO through the 1920s and 1930s, and was also editor of the party's newspaper, Le Populaire. Le sacrifice de la « citoyenne Blum » Eté 36, la gauche triomphe. While in prison he wrote his best-known work, the essay À l'échelle humaine ("On a human scale"). Blum was elected as Deputy for Narbonne in 1929, and was re-elected in 1932 and 1936. [24][25] He was transferred to German custody and imprisoned in Germany until 1945. libro de Léon Blum La reforma gubernamental, traducido y editado por mí mismo y que publicará en bre-ve la Editorial Tecnos. On connaît la vie politique de Léon Blum (1872-1950), on est moins au courant de sa vie privée et de ses trois épouses. À partir du début du mois d’avril 1945, ils furent évacués au cours d’un long périple qui les conduisit à Ratisbonne, au camp de Dachau, puis dans Le littérateur socialiste pense qu'un petit rien pourrait réparer le désastre de l'institution conjugale. Tried by the Vichy government on trumped-up charges, he was imprisoned in the Buchenwald concentration camp. Encore ne citons-nous pas Léon Blum, évoqué deux fois dans Le scénario, puisque c’est un personnage historique : Anouilh n’a donc pas eu à choisir son prénom. ", This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 00:58. Believing that there was no such thing as a "good dictatorship", he opposed participation in the Comintern. Blum perd de nombreux amis, un frère aimé, mais il retrouve au bout de la nuit son fils, quand Janot pleure un fils, et découvre une belle-fille de 20 ans et une petite-fille qu’elle « adopte » immédiatement. BLUM, LÉON (1872–1950), statesman; the first Jew and the first socialist to become premier of France. Léon Blum vécut dans cette maison de 1945 à 1950. Trop de ruines, de saccages et de restaurations au plus pressé depuis 1940, quand le château de Chazeron a bâti sa postérité sur l’internement de Blum, Daladier, Reynaud, Gamelin et Mandel. Político francés (París, 1872 - Jouy-en-Josas, 1950). Dans cet essai qui fait scandale, il recommande aux jeunes femmes comme aux jeunes hommes l’expérimentation sexuelle avant le mariage. Léon Blum (9 de abril de 1872 - 30 de marzo de 1950) fue un político socialista francés. André Léon Blum [ɑ̃dʁe leɔ̃ blum] ( 9. huhtikuuta 1872 – 30. maaliskuuta 1950 ) oli ranskalainen sosialistinen poliitikko ja valtiomies, joka toimi Ranskan pääministerinä vuosina 1936–1937, 1938 sekä 1946–1947. [3] Campaigning as a Dreyfusard brought him into contact with the socialist leader Jean Jaurès, whom he greatly admired. [5] It is possible that Blum's interest in politics began somewhat earlier, as Fernand Gregh mentioned in his personal memoirs that Blum had expressed interest in politics as early as 1892.[3]. However inflation also rose 46%. BLUM, LÉON. Blum's cabinet was deeply divided and he decided on a policy of non-intervention, and collaborated with Britain and 25 other countries to formalize an agreement against sending any munitions or volunteer soldiers to Spain. Blum was rescued by Allied troops in May 1945. Léon Blum député de Paris - photo Henri Manuel.jpg 469 × 745; 126 KB Léon Blum en 1936.jpg 417 × 607; 96 KB Léon Blum et Max Dormoy - Vichy, 1940.jpg 2,048 × 1,414; 579 KB Visionnaire, il Léon Blum se narodil v Paříži v rodině střední vrstvy, proto mohl bez problémů vystudovat práva na Sorboně. La enciclopedia biográfica en línea. When Germany defeated France in 1940, he became a staunch opponent of Vichy France. He began contributing to the socialist daily, L'Humanité, and joined the French Section of the Workers' International (French: Section française de l'Internationale ouvrière, SFIO). Léon Blum, (born April 9, 1872, Paris—died March 30, 1950, Jouy-en-Josas, France), the first Socialist (and the first Jewish) premier of France, presiding over the Popular Front coalition government in 1936–37.. Blum was born into an Alsatian Jewish family. The Cagoule far-right group even staged bombings to disrupt the government. (1) ANNIE KRIEGEL: «Un phénoméne de haine fraticide. Recuperado de En el Congreso de Tours (1920) hizo frente a la mayoría comunista partidaria de adherirse a la Tercera Internacional; al año siguiente fue nombrado jefe del partido socialista francés (Sección Francesa de la Internacional Obrera, SFIO), ya escindido de los comunistas. [4] Blum first became personally involved in the Affair when he aided the defense case of Emile Zola in 1898 as a jurist, before which he had not demonstrated interest in public affairs. On connaît la vie politique de Léon Blum (1872-1950), on est moins au courant de sa vie privée et de ses trois épouses. 192 Rue Léon Blum 69100 Villeurbanne Rhône France La tombe de Charles Hernu est au Nouveau Cimetière de Cusset, 192 Rue Léon Blum, 69100 Villeurbanne, Rhône, France. Cursó estudios de filosofía en la École Normale Supérieure y leyes en la Sorbona. [3] He attended The University of Paris and became both a lawyer and literary critic. "Disappointment and failure," says Jackson, "was the legacy of the Popular Front. Although Blum's last government was very much an interim administration (lasting less than five weeks) it nevertheless succeeded in implementing a number of measures which helped to reduce the cost of living. Watch Full Movie IN HD Visit :: http://watch4kfilms.xyz Télécharger : - http://watch4kfilms.xyz Dicha formación, creada para hacer frente a la oleada fascista que se extendía por toda Europa, triunfó en las elecciones de 1936, de modo que Blum se convirtió en primer ministro. Mais Léon Blum n’a pas renoncé à assumer les différentes fidélités de sa vie. "Politics and Economics in the 1930s: The Balance Sheets of the 'Blum New Deal'." Depuis, la demeure est restée exactement la même : un témoignage précieux et un patrimoine exceptionnel. "Léon Blum and contemporary French socialism. Léon Blum Político francés Nació el 9 de abril de 1872 en París. By mid-August 1936, the parliament had voted for: It also raised the pay, pensions, and allowances of public-sector workers and ex-servicemen. Acabada la Segunda Guerra Mundial en 1945, volvió a Francia y a la dirección de la SFIO. The impossible dilemma caused by this issue led Blum to resign in June 1937. Léon Blum (Parijs, 9 april 1872 - Jouy-en-Josas, 30 maart 1950) was een Frans politicus. Desde sus convicciones republicanas se fue acercando progresivamente al socialismo democrático representado por Jean Jaurès; fue el asunto Dreyfus (1894-1906) el que acabó por decantarle definitivamente hacia el socialismo, centrando sus esfuerzos en unir a las dispersas formaciones socialistas que había en Francia. Place Léon Blum 28/10/2020 08h29 Place Léon Blum in the 11ème arrondissement of Paris where Boulevard Voltaire and Rue de la Roquette intersect together with Avenue Parmentier and Rue Richard Lenoir. Léon Blum (París, 9 de abril de 1872-Jouy-en-Josas, 30 de marzo de 1950) fue un político socialista francés.. En la vida real. 1938Anschluss : annexion de l’Autriche par l’Allemagne nazie. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. RetroNews site média dédié aux archives de presse issues des collections de la Bibliothèque nationale de France sur la période 1631 à 1950. Blum dissolved the far-right fascist leagues. el var meses = new Array ("enero","febrero","marzo","abril","mayo","junio","julio","agosto","septiembre","octubre","noviembre","diciembre"); As the Allied armies approached Buchenwald, he was transferred to Dachau, near Munich, and in late April 1945, together with other notable inmates, to Tyrol. Thérèse, qui a été vingt ans la maîtresse de Léon Blum avant de devenir sa femme, rayonne. Political circumstances changed in 1934, when the rise of German dictator Adolf Hitler and fascist riots in Paris caused Stalin and the French Communists to change their policy. The cost forced the abandonment of the social reform programmes that the Popular Front had counted heavily on.[12]. Suddenly in the spring of 1940, the Germans invaded France and defeated the French and British armies in a matter of weeks. verno Leon Blum, nel 1936, erano state ammesse due donne come sottosegretarie di Stato, quando ancora il suffragio femmi nile non esisteva), Jugoslavia, Romania, Ungheria, Bulgaria, India, Giappone, Cina, Mongolia, Argentina En 1940, los alemanes invadieron Francia, poniendo fin a la larga experiencia democrática de la Tercera República. In July 1914, just as the First World War broke out, Jaurès was assassinated, and Blum became more active in the Socialist party leadership. [15], On 13 February 1936, shortly before becoming Prime Minister, Blum was dragged from a car and almost beaten to death by the Camelots du Roi, a group of antisemites and royalists. The 1920 Sales Tax, opposed by the Left as a tax on consumers, was abolished and replaced by a production tax, which was considered to be a tax on the producer instead of the consumer. Léon Blum fue detenido por el gobierno títere del mariscal Pétain; tras someterle a un juicio en el que no se le pudo hallar culpable de nada (1942), fue entregado a los alemanes, que le internaron en los campos de concentración de Buchenwald y Dachau (1943-44). De Léon Blum, gebuer den 9.September 1872 zu Paräis, a gestuerwen den 30. Desempeñó el papel de Primer Ministro en 1936-1937 y en 1938, como jefe del gobierno del Frente Popular francés, y en 1946 fue Jefe de Estado del último gobierno provisional … Léon Blum vuonna 1927. France had not successfully recovered from the worldwide economic depression, wages had fallen and the working class demanded reforms. Léon Blum (1936) : « Nous sommes un Gouvernement de Front populaire » (6 juin 1936) Un mois après la victoire de la coalition du Front populaire, Léon Blum se présente devant la Chambre ; il annonce qu'il appliquera le programme d'une majorité de rassemblement qui n'est pas celle du parti socialiste. He advocated an alliance between the center-left and the center-right parties in order to support the Fourth Republic against the Gaullists and the Communists. Culturethèque est la bibliothèque numérique de l’Institut français. Notre mission Le GNVR est une association dont le but est de maintenir entre ses membres retraités des liens d'amitié, de confraternité et d'entraide, ainsi que de défendre leurs intérêts moraux. In turn the Popular Front was actively fought by right-wing and far-right movements, which often used antisemitic slurs against Blum and other Jewish ministers. og cand.mag. WikiMili. The Communists won 15 percent of the vote, and 12 percent of the seats. Léon Blum vu par les communistes», en su obra Le pain el les roses. 1936 Premier gouvernement socialiste en France avec Léon Blum. Presidió un gobierno socialista monocolor que no duró más que dos meses (1946-47), en cuyo balance hay que anotar la adopción del Plan Monnet para la reconstrucción económica del país. "[14] The Republicans by 1938 were losing badly (they gave up in 1939), sending upwards of 500,000 political refugees across the border into France, where they were held in camps. Vainqueur à la Chambre, Léon Blum est battu au Sénat. "The French Working Class and the Blum Government (1936–37). Léon Blum et sa femme étaient restés dans la maison forestière de Buchenwald. He was arrested by the authorities in September and held until 1942, when he was put on trial in the Riom Trial on charges of treason, for having "weakened France's defenses" by ordering her arsenal shipped to Spain, leaving France's infantry unsupported by heavy artillery on the eastern front against Nazi Germany. Léon Blum (París, 9 d'abril 1872 - Jouy-en-Josas, vora Versalles, 30 de març, 1950) fou un polític socialista francès que arribà a ser primer ministre i fins i tot …
2020 léon blum épouses